Product label doses may not be accurate, as doses may depend upon the specific plant species used and how it was obtained, prepared and packaged ie, unregulated manufacturing techniques. Perhaps this may be analogous to prescription of an amoxicillin product for a specific patient, when the concentration and content of the product have not been verified. This is particularly a problem with pediatric patients being treated with CAM. When specific doses are given on an herbal product label, these doses are often based upon adult usage, with pediatric doses extrapolated from adult use.
Few data exist about the pharmacokinetics of herbal products in infants and children. Despite these concerns, some CAM treatments may be logical. Some accepted and effective traditional drug therapies have been developed from natural sources, such as plants. Salicylates from willow bark and digitalis from foxglove are just a few examples.
Thus, the use of a specific herb may be reasonable for treatment of a pediatric disorder. However, evidence of efficacy, safety and dosing from scientifically valid, controlled studies is often lacking. Additionally, product content, purity and manufacturing technique are frequently unknown. It is understandable that caregivers often do not consider these factors. Other CAM therapies, such as massage, may provide a significant placebo effect.
Among the various herbal products, Echinacea is one of the most common. Echinacea may have immunomodulatory effects, stimulating leukocyte activity and function. It has been evaluated in controlled trials. In one placebo-controlled study, researchers found no benefit from Echinacea in reducing symptoms from upper respiratory tract infection; however, adverse effects were more common in this group.
Researchers from two other controlled trials evaluated Echinacea in the treatment of upper respiratory tract symptoms, demonstrating benefit, although these studies were not placebo-controlled and were confounded by concomitant use of other herbal products.
Of nine studies evaluated, only two were judged to be well-done controlled trials.
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In both of these studies, the researchers found no benefit from Echinacea administration. Cranberry products have been used to treat and prevent urinary tract infections. Data from two small, controlled studies showed benefit from cranberry juice ingestion in reducing UTI rates in young women in college. In two other small, controlled trials, cranberry products were given to children with neurogenic bladder. Although the potential for benefit from cranberry administration may exist for this use, more studies are needed. In a randomized, double blind trial, topically applied natural herbal extract Otikon Otic Solution, containing garlic, Mullien flower, St.
This treatment is listed as one of several recommended therapies in the AOM treatment guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics published in Other therapies have also been evaluated for AOM. In a small, controlled study evaluating homeopathic treatment for AOM, researchers used a placebo control and found no differences among the groups in treatment response.
Given the inherent difficulties in evaluating symptomatic treatment response of AOM, the methodology and validity of this study is questionable. Data from an interesting study published in evaluated the effects of osteopathic manipulation as adjuvant treatment in the therapy of recurrent AOM. In a randomized, single blind, trial, 57 children with a history of frequent AOM episodes were treated with routine pediatric care alone or routine pediatric care plus osteopathic manipulative treatment.
Beneficial results were shown in the treatment group, demonstrated by reduced AOM episodes, fewer surgical procedures and tympanometric performance. Thus, an important first step is asking if CAM therapies are used. Patients with chronic or frequent illnesses may be more likely to be CAM users. It is important to consider the cultural background of patients, as some CAM therapies may be accepted and practiced more frequently.
Conventional medicine also called Western or allopathic medicine is medicine as practiced by holders of M.
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The boundaries between CAM and conventional medicine are not absolute, and specific CAM practices may, over time, become widely accepted. Most use of CAM by Americans is complementary. It is also called integrated medicine. CAM practices are often grouped into broad categories, such as natural products, mind and body medicine, and manipulative and body-based practices. Although these categories are not formally defined, they are useful for discussing CAM practices. Some CAM practices may fit into more than one category. Some uses of dietary supplements—e.
Probiotics are available in foods e. Interest in and use of CAM natural products have grown considerably in the past few decades. The NHIS found that These products were the most popular form of CAM among both adults and children. Mind and body practices focus on the interactions among the brain, mind, body, and behavior, with the intent to use the mind to affect physical functioning and promote health. Many CAM practices embody this concept—in different ways. Other examples of mind and body practices include deep-breathing exercises, guided imagery, hypnotherapy, progressive relaxation, qi gong, and tai chi.
Historical note: The concept that the mind is important in the treatment of illness is integral to the healing approaches of traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurvedic medicine, dating back more than 2, years.
Hippocrates also noted the moral and spiritual aspects of healing and believed that treatment could occur only with consideration of attitude, environmental influences, and natural remedies. For example, the survey found that Progressive relaxation and guided imagery were also among the top 10 CAM therapies for adults; deep breathing and yoga ranked high among children. Acupuncture had been used by 1.
Acupuncture is considered to be a part of mind and body medicine, but it is also a component of energy medicine, manipulative and body-based practices, and traditional Chinese medicine. Welch provides tools from the ancient medicine practice and explains how you can use them. For many generations, Eastern and Western medicines were at odds.
Few practitioners used both. It examines Chinese medicine both from the perspective of ancient sources and modern research. Use it to introduce yourself to Eastern practices and learn more. What you put into your body can have a big impact on your health. We now know the connection between poor diet and chronic health conditions.
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Learn about nutrient-dense greens, like spirulina and blue-green algae. The book also offers over nutritious recipes. Eastern and Western medicine come from two very different schools of thought.
When used together, they can offer even more benefits. Misha Ruth Cohen, a doctor of Chinese medicine and licensed acupuncturist, outlines how Chinese medicine can be used alongside modern medicine to treat a variety of conditions. Learn how to combine Chinese dietary guidelines with Western ones. Cohen also outlines how to practice healing therapies, like acupuncture, qi gong, and Chinese herbal therapy. The book offers healthy, simple recipes and tips for using alternative healing.
It also provides research about the link between diet and certain chronic conditions. Want to learn more about non-traditional and alternative medicine? From acupuncture to healthy eating, here are the best blogs to follow.
For advice and information on alternative and complementary treatments, these apps can be a great resource. You are what you eat. Make sure your skin is at its best with these top tips for healthy skin, from the inside out. Using rice water to strengthen and beautify hair dates back to the Heian Period in Japan.