Each chapter goes through each step of the restoration master plan, guiding the user through each phase and being sure to emphasize that each step informs the next as well as updates previous steps. The master plan for the restoration of a natural resource is an ever-evolving project, changing when new information is encountered or when new resources and new technologies become available.
- NielsenGW's Dewey Challenge.
- Contextual and Interpretive Approaches.
- Think Like a Winner: How Renewing Your Mind with Gods Word Empowers You to Win in Life.
- Chang Gung Biotechnology.
Also, the book is absolutely chock full of case studies of restored ecological sites from around the world. And now she wants to share her knowledge of the history, traditions, and personalities of the Court with us in Out of Order. This is a simple, straightforward, short book. Feb 25, , pm. In most cases, people would automatically credit the creator with ownership. The creator normally says who can reproduce the work and how.
Littell's Living Age/Volume 144/Issue 1861/Justinian
This is the domain of copyright law: just who has the right to copy a publication. This works well for a written creation, but what of a musical composition? Who owns the music, the sound? Can you own sound? These are the questions that faced the fledgling recording industry immediately after the invention of the phonograph. Alex Sayf Cumming examines the history of musical copyright law and how the recording industry coped with increased nuance in The Democracy of Sound.
Recording copyright infringement is not a new problem. The issue of musical ownership reared its head as early as , when counterfeiters were secretly duplicating wax cylinders onto which the music was recorded. Opera singers of the 19th century, hoping to make a little money by repeatedly recording their arias for phonograph makers were shocked to find substandard duplications of their work on the market.
Back then, though, you could easily tell the difference by simply how loud the cylinder played. Once records came into play, there was a whole new field of copyright issues. And then Congress got involved. Interestingly, the discussions in Congress foreshadow the formation of the FRBR Functional Requirement for Bibliographic Records standards in that they wrangled over the difference between a work, an expression, and a manifestation of a work. Their decision to err on the side of caution when wording the new Copyright Act of led to a deeper loophole for counterfeiters and bootleggers to work with when proliferating copies of original works.
THIS MACHINE MOCKS FASCISTS
The post-WWII boom in jazz fandom and recording begat a renaissance in bootlegged works. One of the more interesting problems is when bootleggers were the only people helping to perpetuate interest in forgotten artists. Collectors would bumble through urban slums, offering to pay residents for any old recordings they might have, and then later duplicate them for other enthusiasts. Should we as a culture prosecute them for saving cultural artifacts? In The Democracy of Sound , we get a interesting chronicle of court decisions and laws that helped to shape modern music copyright as well as the history of music piracy in all its forms.
Thankfully, Cummings tries to stay away from in-depth discussions of case law, opting for more easy to understand overviews. The history of recording methods, artists, and companies from the early 20th century was far more intriguing than the nuances of copyright law.
Greg Bear: Discussion Board Archives
I dutifully marched through this volume, but not with glee. If you are interested in music or legal history, go ahead and give it a try. Feb 26, , pm. Men of religion or of means built themselves a small shack in the countryside with the barest essentials and lived out their days in solitude and reflection. The hermits could either live in the vast acreage of a nobleman or by a monastery. Their lives were devoted to prayer, reading, communing with nature, writing, or gardening. Then, England got a hold of the practice and it took on a life of its own. And so, they began to construct smaller outhouses on their land to which they could retire and entertain small parties.
These hermitages began popping up all over England in the 18th and 19th century. Afterwards, some hermitages were built with the expressed purpose of hiring a local man to play the part of the hermit and entertain estate guests. These garden hermits began to take on the role of the country sage or guru in many communities.
The country hermit began life as a throwback to the British druids. Many hermitages, however, were left vacant, with only local folklore detailing the identity of the hermit. Today, we celebrate the idea of the garden hermit in the form of small ceramic gnomes many people place in their flowerbeds. This book is in many ways a guidebook to all the major and minor hermitages of England, with detailed listings, descriptions, and illustrations of hermit houses throughout the British Isles. Most of these were constructed in the Georgian Era , and, being constructed from wood, thatch, and other natural elements, many survive only in letters, journals, and poems.
The later trend of Victorian hermitages brought the hermits out of the deep woods and into the British lawns, but by then, the trend was pretty well diminished. Interestingly, Campbell is always telling the reader where they can go to find some of the hermitage-related documents and artifacts.
While this was a little annoying at first, after time, I wanted to go to these places and experience how these hermits lived. It gives the whole thing the feel of a one-on-one lecture, and not a lofty treatise on hermits.
To be sure, though, this book has just about every detail there is to know about English hermitages, so be prepared for that. His bibliography and research are worthy of an Oxford publication. To anyone even slightly interested in this niche area, I highly recommend this book. Feb 27, , am. I'm not at all familiar with this aspect of the historic British culture. Pity it won't give me a new number, but I want to read it anyway at some point. Thank you for the review! Not wanting to re-read certain sections is the one great shame about this project.
There's a ton of niche American micro-histories or manufacturing company biographies or societal institutional chronicles or crime sagas that I keep seeing and can't get to. I am, however, keeping a list of fun books for when I'm finally finished with this some time around April Feb 27, , pm. Austerity: The History of a Dangerous Idea. I read a book about it and then, magically, knowledge appears. By no stretch of the imagination will I be able to teach a course in economics after this one, but when I hear radio and news reports of the economic landscape, I should be able to follow them with a little more understanding.
Interestingly, there are two things happening here. One is an actual change in balance sheets in that the government has to decrease actual spending in order not to go into default. The other is a perceived change to induce other countries to trust in the future liquidity and investment possibilities of said austere state. After reading this book, I realized that economics is always a combination of these two forces—the real and the imagined.
Most of what happened in the real estate crisis had little to do with state spending and government debt. The only hand the government had in the downturn was the omission of rigid and exact regulation on new banking products. When banks bundled together what they thought were low-risk, low-volatility products, they actually created high-risk securities that blow up in their face. The problem comes from the disconnect between lawmakers enacting austerity measures and how that will invariably affect the populace in a disproportionate manner.
This book was astonishing in the amount of information it has to offer.
The metaphors he uses for modern financial theories and instruments are apt and elegant. Mar 3, , pm. Prior to starting, there would have been no way I would have a missive on how to a learn to love large cities, b understand their narratives, and then c use that knowledge to began to share your faith with other in hopes that the entire city will become a part of the Christian faith.
Um and Buzzard start with an analysis of how cities represent the future of humanity. Their argument is that the combination of a density of peoples and a diversity of interests are the driving forces behind the growth of cities. Without either one, you either have a low population village or a monolithic mass of citizens. Both are necessary. When a city is indeed propelled into fruition, the next step that Um and Buzzard deem necessary is the mass-multiplication of Christian faith in order to encourage the city to attain its full potential.
Those who seek to convert will hardly be talked out of it and those that convert need to do so, so who am I to argue with the arrangement? They balance this with a deep reading of the Bible, showing how the figures of Jesus and God both understand that people are at their most prolific when in an urban environment. Granted, this book will absolutely not be for everybody, but it was an interesting convergence of social science and religion.
Mar 4, , pm. Her timeline starts in the s and discusses how the installation of public sculpture in many cities and business has helped bring art to the masses. Her history shows that modern pieces have pushed aside the traditional horse and statesmen statues of the 19th century and allowed for a freer form of artistic expression. In many cases, public sculpture has helped to better integrate urban spaces with parks and natural alcoves. Her premise is that art requires consumption and the best way to ensure that is to place in a very public venue.
She discusses how many times the public reacted in not quite the predictable way, but for it seems like any reaction is a good one. Nowadays, it seems like people just walk right past art in their own backyard. The only detraction in this book is that the illustrations are not in color. She walks the reader through how best to phrase and order questions, how to monitor for validity, how to administer the survey without bias, and how to compile the results into meaningful articles.
While the main people in her audience are beginning social science researchers, I found this one to be quite informative as well. It even has a whole section on which statistical tools to use based on how the data is coded.